Eczema, also known as Atopic dermatitis is a skin condition that invites redness and itching. Eczema is a chronic disease and tends to flare up timely. If you have got dry skin, severe itching especially at night, small pumped bumps which may release fluid and collapse when scratched, sensitive cracked swollen skin, then you should surely see a doctor if you have eczema. These red or brownish-grey patches mostly appear on eyelids, face, hands, wrists, chest, inside bends of elbow and knees, ankles, and feet. It can also come along with hay fever or asthma. Though it’s quite common in children it can occur to any person of any age. Eczema most often begins before age 5 and may persist into adolescence and adulthood. Topical medications and self-care measures can relieve you from this condition.
Fluocinoione Actenoid Cream
Fluocinolone acetonide cream belongs to the class of topical corticosteroids. This medication is used to treat a variety of skin conditions of which eczema is one. The dosage of fluocinolone acetonide cream 0.01% is preferable to reduce swelling, itching, and redness caused by eczema.
Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors
Topical calcineurin inhibitors(TCIs) are nonsteroidal medications to heal affected skin areas by eczema. They function by inhibiting a piece of the immune system from “switching on,” preventing it from causing redness and itching as well as other symptoms.
Pimecrolimus And Tacrolimus
These medicines when rubbed on the skin, cure moderate-to-severe eczema. They relieve you from itching and inflammation though they are not steroids. But there are chances that they might increase the risk of skin cancer and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Topical treatments or topicals, when used for eczema are medications applied to the skin to reduce inflammation and cure other symptoms. There are different types of topical treatments of which most common include prescription of steroids in varying calcineurin, strengths, inhibitors, and PDE4 inhibitors.
Topical steroids are the most commonly prescribed medications for all types of eczema. There are many variant topical steroid types and a few different modes such as (cream, ointment, lotion, spray). It helps to relieve inflammation, redness, and itching so that your skin starts to breathe fresh again.
Topical PDE4 Inhibitor
PDE4 inhibitor inhibits or blocks an enzyme called phosphodiesterase 4 from allowing severe inflammation in the body by controlling cytokines(proteins produced by our cells that contribute to inflammation). Currently, there is one topical PDE4 inhibitor for eczema called Eucrisa(crisaborole) to treat moderate eczema ages 2 years and up.